19 December 2018

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JAPANESE EXPERIENCE

24.12.2012
Another seminar of Japan International Labor Foundation was held on December 9-22, 2012. The Azerbaijan Trade Unions Confederation was represented in the seminar by Sabuhi Imanov, the head of International Relations Department at the Republican Committee of the Independent Trade Union of Azerbaijan Education Employees (ITUAEE), and Vusal Mammadov, the head of the Organizational Affairs and Law Department at the Republican Committee of Azerbaijan Public Offices and Social Service Employees Trade Union.

The agenda of this program, joined by 8 Eurasian countries, was  broad and comprehensive. The program, funded by the Japanese government and run by Japan International Labor Foundation (JILAF) since 1987, has set out multiple goals. In frames of this program, the Japanese culture, history and technical progress are promoted. The achievements made in all socio-economic spheres of the country are demonstrated to the young trade union activists from different countries. The attendees are informed about the Japanese trade unions. The seminar assumes great importance for the guests as well. Young trade union activists visiting from various countries are endowed with diverse skills and knowledge in this sphere. The acquired experiences are shared with the participants. As part of the program, the seminar participants attended trainings and lectures, had several productive meetings at JILAF, Japan's trade unions confederation - RENGO,  its Tokushima city committee, Productivity Center, Techno School, Labor Bank and the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare.

During the events, the attendees were informed that the renaissance period of the Japanese Labor Movement followed the World War II. RENGO, founded in 1989, holds an important place not only in the labor movement of the country, but also in its socio-political life and supports Japanese Democratic Party. RENGO brings together 54 field-based trade unions representing 6.8 million members. With the view to ensure international exchanges in the labor movement sphere and promote cooperation, RENGO founded JILAF in 1989. RENGO and the government meet monthly. The key issue alarming the trade unions of Japan at present, is the rapid decrease and aging of the population in the country. Specifically, the population of the country is estimated to decrease to 86 million from current 128 million people in 50 years. To prevent this from happening, the Japanese trade unions hold negotiations with the government requiring more privileges for families with more children.

Another problem disturbing the trade unions is that 34 percent of employees work on contractual basis. The number of working women is gradually decreasing. Specifically, most of the employed women, after marriage, either quite their jobs or prefer part-time jobs. Consequently, the men constitute the whole working force of the country. Alarmed, the government is working hard to stop this development.

No strike has been organized by trade unions in last 25 years in the country. This signals the good relations between the employers and employees.

Representatives of various countries, including Azerbaijan, spoke in the seminar. They talked about relations between the trade unions and the government, relations with transnational companies, problems and perspectives, and actively attended general discussions. The speeches of the Azerbaijan Trade Unions Confederation representatives were hailed with interest by seminar attendees and project leadership and they were awarded with diplomas.

During the visit, a meeting was held between JILAF representatives and Azerbaijani delegation. In the meeting, their spoke about the labor bank, labor legislation, and representatives of JILAF noted that their union is ready to support any project to be held in Azerbaijan on collective negotiations and that any proposals to be brought up by the Azerbaijan Trade Unions Confederation in this regard, would be welcomed by both JILAF and RENGO.